Foods of Myanmar and Gastronomy

Happy Clients from Cataluña
October 23, 2017
A traditional Novitiation ceremony in Bagan
November 27, 2017

Myanmar food is unique because it has been heavily influenced by its surrounding countries. The flavors tend to be a fusion of Thai, Indian, and Chinese.

Although their food is not as hot as Thai or as spicy as Indian, Myanmar food is an excellent combination of traditional Myanmar style and Asian/Indian cuisine. You will find that rice is a staple in the diet of most Myanmar people and rice comprises about 75% of the typical diet. Soup is very commonly served with every meal. There are a variety of soups that will be offered, some of them are hot, spicy, bland or sour. The typical Burmese meal will feature a variety of dishes laid out on the table for everyone to share. Rice is served with every meal and you have the choice to combine the different dishes to satisfy your appetite. Most dishes are seasoned with onion, garlic, ginger, turmeric, chili, and other spices.

We are pleased to present a small and far from exhaustive list of most common Myanmar food and popular dishes that you will find all throughout your journey to Myanmar. And when you actually come and visit, you will be able to take some cooking classes to understand the basics of Burmese cooking.

Myanmar food

  • La Peth Thoke (Tea Leaves Salad) Probably the most unique Myanmar dish, one that all Myanmar people overseas miss the most. A quite interesting snack consisting of fermented tea leaves and a mix of roasted nuts and beans. Often consumed as a desert, after the meal, or simply as an afternoon snack.


  • Mohinga (Rice Noodle Soup)Call it the national dish of Myanmar. Usually consumed for breakfast, it is a fish based soup with rice noodles. A pinch of fragrant herbs tops the most popular dish in Myanmar. Every region of the country pretends their mohinga is the best. It’s a must try at least once or once in every city during your tour to compare them.


  • Gin Thoke (Ginger Salad)One of the few salads that can be recommended as it contains no meat or fish. Composed of slivers of gingers, thin slices of red onion, a squeeze of lime juice, perhaps a few piece of fierce chili, this salad is very healthy and distinct in taste.


  • BBQ Every city block orso has its beer station, the classic Burmese after work watering hole. They serve many kinds of BBQ skewers to eat while drinking beer. Chicken wings and legs, pork organs, fish balls or sausages as well as vegetables like the famous Lady Fingers can be ordered and make for a very cheap dinner if you prefer the liquid diet for a change.


  • Dosa Originally a South Indian dish, Dosa is a thin crepe served with 3 or 4 vegetarian dips, usually a lentil curry, a potato, cauliflower or other veggies curry. Quite common in Yangon and cities or towns that have a strong British past, therefore a significant community from Indian descent. Think the Old British Raj.


  • Indian Thali Traditionally an Indian dish, the Thali is served in a silver platter with several compartments, each containing a different curry. Usually served with Indian bread such as puri or roti to dip, the Thali is more than often vegetarian.


Finally sweets !

  • San Nwin Ma Kin (Sweet Dessert)A sweet and thick mass made of semolina, sugar, oil and various toppings such as nuts, chopped fruit or candied fruit. Try the durian kind. Not often served in restaurants, you must purchase it in markets and bring it along for the 5 o’clock tea. Especially popular at festival times.


  • Ginger Hta Nyat (Ginger Sweet)Mostly found in the tropical zone, this sweet is made of palm sugar (jaggery) rolled into bite size balls and stuffed with slivers of preserved ginger. A good boost of energy when the next meal is still a few hours away.


  • Mont Lat Song (Sweet Traditional Snack)All through the hot season, you will see street vendors canvassing the city with their carts and shouting, sometimes annoyingly, Mont Lat Song ! It is a dessert and hot times snack composed of grated coconut, palm sugar syrup and small pearls of rice powder.


  • Shwe Yin Yei (Sweet Snack) litterally means : “makes your inside cool”. Another popular dessert sold by ambulant vendors during the hot season. It is composed of coconut milk, sticky rice, threads of colored (often green) agar agar and a slice of white bread. Very refreshing and possibly the best use ever for white bread.

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